Brazil Holidays - Travel Guides & Travel Tips

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Brasilien Urlaub Strand Copacabana

Brazil Holidays - Travel Guide, Travel & Travel Tips

To help you plan your vacation in Brazil, we have put together the most important information at a glance. Rio de Janeiro Brazil offers 7500 km of beaches, the largest area of rainforest on earth, the gigantic Iguacu waterfall, dazzling biodiversity in national parks and 17 world heritage sites. The capital Brasilia, which is around 50 years young, has been awarded this title as the “City of Modernity”. Brazil Journeys into the colonial past, on the other hand, lead to Salvador da Bahia or Manaus (“Teatro Amazonas”). In terms of area, Brazil claims almost half of South America with 8.5 million square kilometers. Predominantly determined by the tropical climate, it keeps a fairly constant temperature of almost 30°. In the summer months (Dec-Feb), however, Rio de Janeiro with its famous beaches Copacabana and Ipanema easily reaches 40°. The landmarks of the Sugar Loaf and the Christ statue are of course also a must for a vacation in Brazil. What makes a visit to Brazil unforgettable for most people is not only the beauty of the country, but also the people, who radiate indestructible joie de vivre and hospitality.

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facts and figures for your Brazil vacation

  • Area: around 8,500,000 square kilometers
  • Population: around 202,656,788 (July 2014)
  • National language: Portuguese (Brazilian variant)
  • Population density: in the Amazon and in mountain regions below 5–20 inhabitants/sq km, elsewhere 20–300 inhabitants/sq km
  • Capital: Brasilia with 450,000 inhabitants (Federal District: 2.4 million) and an area of 472.12 square kilometers
    Vehicle registration number: BR
  • International dialing code: 0055. To Germany 0049, to Austria 0043, to Switzerland 0041
  • Emergency call: police 190, fire brigade 193, first aid 192
  • Form of government: Presidential federal republic
  • Head of State and Government: President Dilma Rousseff (since January 2011)
  • Special Holidays: Apr 21, Sep 7, Dec 12 Oct, Nov 15
  • Local currency: Brasil Real (100 centavos)
  • Time Zones: There are four. The difference to CET is between 3 and 7 hours. It gets bigger the further west you go. Note different summer times!
  • Religions: predominantly Roman Catholic or Protestant (90%)
  • Administration of the country: 26 states and the federal district

Brasilien Urlaub Municipal Theatre of Sao Paulo

History of Brazil

  • 1500: Portugal colonizes Brazil
  • 1532: Slow development through Portugal to become the world's largest sugar producer
  • 1549: Salvador da Bahia becomes the capital of the colonial government
  • 1763: Rio de Janeiro becomes the capital
  • 1792: Later national hero Tiradentes leads revolt against colonial power Beginning of the 19th century: rubber, tobacco and coffee as the most important export goods
  • 1822: Proclamation of the independent empire
  • 1889: Proclamation of the Republic
  • 1930: Getulio Vargas becomes the new president and soon dictator through a coup d'etat
  • 1945: Military forces Vargas to resign
  • 1946: Restoration of democracy with a new constitution
  • 1960: Inauguration of the new capital, Brasilia
  • 1964: Castello Branco becomes the first military president
  • 1967: New constitution, two-party system, National Security Act
  • 1979: Transition to democracy under President Baptista Figueiredo
  • 1994: President Cardoso stabilizes the economy
  • Since 2003: Presidency of Lula da Silva, founding member of the Workers' Party 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002: Brazil becomes soccer world champion

Brasilien Urlaub Ipanema Beach

Cultural information for your Brazil vacation

Those who vacation in Brazil often do so because of their culture: the particularly varied forms of Brazilian culture have their origins in the history of the country, which brought influences from Europe and Africa to Native America in the course of colonization and slavery. Outstanding achievements can be mentioned in music, architecture, literature, film, arts and crafts... The first samba schools were founded in the 1920s. In the carnival, they compete for the art of the jury with an assigned theme. The bossa nova was born in 1958, "The Girl from Ipanema" made the composer Tom Jobim famous. Around this time the Música Popular Brasileira was also born, which soon left the borders of Brazil. In architecture, Ouro Preto is considered the most beautiful example of the colonial style and is also one of the world cultural assets, as is Brasilia, which was built in the middle of the last century according to Oscar Niemeyer's plans. One of the world's most famous writers is Paulo Coelho. Telenovelas are exported to many countries. Particularly beautiful ceramic products can be purchased on Brazil holidays in northeastern Brazil.

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resorts Information for your Brazil vacation


The state of Goiás, located in the mid-west of Brazil, has around 5 million inhabitants. Its area of about 340,000 square kilometers encloses the federal district of Brasilia on all sides. The state capital is about 200 km from Goiás' capital Goiana (1.1 million inhabitants). This proximity has led to an excellent infrastructure. Worth seeing in Goiana are the museums of anthropology and ornithology. Goiana replaced Goiás as the capital in 1937. Its historic town center from the 18th century is part of the world cultural heritage. In the southeastern part of the state, the Emas National Park (1,320 sq km) is a World Heritage Site. It is named after an ostrich that can grow up to 1.50 m tall. There are many endangered species to see here. Unique to a Brazil vacation here are the termite mounds that shimmer at night and easily reach a height of 2m. The carnivore-rich park can only be entered in the company of an IBAMA (Brazilian Environmental Protection Agency)-approved guide. The Chapadas dos Veadeiros National Park (600 sq km) also belongs to the World Natural Heritage. Many wolves, deer and bird species live in it. Also this park may not be entered without a guide. Finding a knowledgeable guide near the park is not difficult.

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Mato Grosso

Located in the mid-west, Mato Grosso is the third largest state in Brazil, even after the separation of Mato Grosso do Sul, with an area of over 900,000 square kilometers and almost 3 million inhabitants. In its capital, Cuiabá (500,000 inhabitants), the Gothic churches Nossa Senhora do Rosário and Capella Sao Benedito are listed monuments. Also worth a visit is the Fundacao Cultural de Mato Grosso, which brings together museums on the subjects of anthropology, natural history and folk culture under one roof and should therefore be part of any vacation in Brazil. In the early 1980s, rock shelters were found in the central plateau of Mato Grosso, which have thousands of drawings that prove settlement 20,000 years ago and have led to a corresponding research program. To the south is the Pantanal, a lowland area of 230,000 square kilometers that is flooded every year during the rainy season (Nov-Mar). The Pantanal Matogrossense National Park (1,350 sq km) is a World Heritage Site. There are more bird species here than in all of Europe, over 120 mammal species (including predators and their prey), reptiles, amphibians and over 2,000 plant species. The particular beauty of the Chapada dos Guimaraes National Park lies in the multitude of its waterfalls. The most famous is the Veu das Novias with a height of almost 100 m.


Mato Grosso do Sul

The state of Mato Grosso do Sul, located in the mid-west of Brazil, is a very sparsely populated region with almost 2.5 million inhabitants on an area of 360,000 square kilometers. An important reason for this is that a good third of its area is reserved for the Pantanal, a wetland which ensures an unbelievable diversity of species in flora and fauna. 1,350 square kilometers of it belong to the national park Pantanal Matogrossense to the world natural property. Due to the sparse population, there are not many hotels either, which should be taken into account when planning a vacation in Brazil. However, anyone who wants to really get to know the country and its people will appreciate this as an advantage, as many residents take the opportunity to rent out rooms to tourists in their Hacendas. The capital is called Campo Grande and has a good 750,000 inhabitants. Apart from her, there is only one larger city, namely Dourados. Otherwise, the state offers many charming little towns, among which Costa Rica (17,000 inhabitants) deserves special mention because it has many waterfalls and gorges. From here it is only 40 km to the famous Emas National Park in Goiás. In Bonito (280 km from Campo Grande) Mato Grosso do Sul also has its own national park, that of Serra da Bodoquena. Bonito offers the best water sports and cultural routes, including a visit to the Hazenda.

Brasilien Urlaub Mato Grosso do Sul Aalligator

Distrito Federal Brasilia

In the mid-west of Brazil is the Distrito Federal Brasilia with a good 2 million inhabitants and an area of almost 6,000 square kilometers, which is a popular destination among vacationers in Brazil. Brasilia replaced Rio de Janeiro as the capital in 1960. This was done on the one hand from the point of view of security - the state capital should not be accessible from the sea - on the other hand out of the desire to revitalize the inland. Brasilia is the only city built in the 20th century that is already a World Heritage Site. Its public buildings were designed by Oscar Niemeyer, the city plan by Lúcio Costa. It is shaped like an airplane and is still used as a model in other city plans. The Congress Palace, the office of the President and the Supreme Court (Palacio do Congreso, Palacio do Planalto, Supremo) are examples of buildings that are particularly worth seeing. Likewise the Catedral Metropolitana, on whose dome praying hands are raised. Just 10 km from the center is the National Park of Brasilia (300 sq km area), popularly called "Mineral Waters" because it combines numerous (mineral) springs, natural swimming pools and the Santa Maria Dam in its territory. Here you can see jaguars, snakes, caimans and wild boar. The Federal District includes 18 other administrative regions.

Brasilien Urlaub Distrito Federal Brasilia

The North Region Information for your Brazil vacation


The northern state of Acre belonged until the beginning of the 20th century. to Bolivia. With an area of 154,000 square kilometers and 10 million inhabitants, it has the lowest population density in Brazil. It is located in the Amazon Basin and is 90% covered with rainforest. In the west, on the border with Peru, is the Serra do Divisor National Park (8,430 sq km). Many Indian tribes live here. The north of the park offers waterfalls and a mountainous landscape, while the south has numerous small headwaters. Bats with a wingspan of more than 1 m can be observed everywhere. Getting to the park requires air and sea travel. Important rivers – and thus important connecting routes – are the Tarauaca, Muru, Xapuri, Envira and Jurua. Water sports lovers will find first-class conditions here on their Brazil vacation. In the capital Rio Branco (230,000 inhabitants) the historical part was destroyed by a flood in 1997.


The state of Amapá is located in the extreme north of the country with a size of almost 150,000 square kilometers and around 600,000 inhabitants. It contains three different ecosystems, namely the Amazonian, the Guyanese and the Oceanic. That is why he has very different landscapes to offer on a Brazil vacation, such as mangrove vegetation, plateaus, grasslands and rainforest. Only about 1% of its area has been cleared so far. The "tropical Stonehenge" was also discovered there a few years ago. It is a stone circle of 127 granite blocks with a height of 3 m. It allows to determine the day of the winter solstice and is therefore considered an observatory. The capital is Macapá with about 220,000 inhabitants and an area of 6,500 square kilometers. Your football stadium has the special feature that the equator forms the middle line. Amapá is known for a strong folkloric tradition with African and regional Indian influences. Endangered species like manatees and crab-eating raccoons can be seen at the Parque Nacional do Cabo Orange, just a few kilometers from the Atlantic. His visit requires prior approval from the environmental agency IBAMA (Tel. in Macapá: (96) 216-1100/216-1116). However, when planning your vacation in Brazil, keep in mind that Amapá is hardly developed for tourism.


Brazil's largest state, Amazonas, claims most of the western Amazon basin. Its area of 1.5 million square kilometers is almost entirely covered by rainforest. The population density is not quite 2 people per square kilometer. Up to the mouth of the Rio Negro near the capital Manaus, the Amazon, the second longest river in the world (6,500 km), is called the Rio Solimoes. Its more than 200 tributaries are divided into black and white water rivers. The former come from the Amazon region itself and carry humus with them, the latter come from the Andes and are nutrient-rich. In the north of the state is Brazil's highest mountain, the Pico da Neblina (approx. 3,000 m), in the national park of the same name (22,000 square km). There you can admire many rare animal and plant species during your vacation in Brazil, including capybaras, tapirs, piranhas, caimans, turtles, Brazil nut and rubber trees, ... With permission, Indian settlements can also be visited. Starting in Manaus, you can also only visit the Jau National Park, which is a World Heritage Site, by boat. Jungle lovers should stay in one of the Amazonas lodges near Manaus. More information about Manaus (approx. 1.7 million inhabitants) is available under the menu item Cities.

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The northern state of Pará is largely in the rainforest area. With almost 1.25 million square kilometers, it is the second largest federal state, inhabited by around 6.5 million people. Large parts of the area are uninhabited. There are few roads, not all are paved. Near Altamira - it has a population density of 0.5 inhabitants per sq km, because 85,000 people live here on 161,450 sq km - the Serra do Pardo National Park (4,500 sq km) was opened in 2005 with the aim of protecting the natural ecosystems. In Santarem (third largest city, 270,000 inhabitants) you can observe the natural spectacle during a holiday in Brazil that the dark Amazon and the emerald green Rio Tapajos flow together after they have flowed side by side for several kilometers at different speeds. The mixing of fresh and salt water, which is typical for Pará, leads to a particularly high biodiversity in flora and fauna. Belen, the capital (1.5 million inhabitants), is the most important city in the Amazon region after Manaus. She succeeds in architecturally masterfully uniting the present and the past. In addition, it represents the cultural center of the state. Have we aroused your curiosity about a vacation in Brazil? More information is available under the menu item "Cities".


The northern state of Rondonia has an extremely low population density, 1.5 million inhabitants spread over an area of 240,000 square kilometers. The state was created in 1981 as part of a colonization project by the Brazilian government as a previously almost unknown territory for the Guaporé Indians. Everyone who is looking for an encounter with a tropical rainforest that is as untouched as possible and who is willing to accept compromises in tourist standards will feel at home here on a vacation in Brazil. The state's only national airport is in the capital, Porto Velho (380,000 inhabitants). Nearby is the Pacaas Novos National Park, which covers a good 7,500 square kilometers. Two thirds of its area borders on Indian areas. The park provides habitat for jaguars, panthers, pumas, wild boars, anteaters and monkeys, among others. The route from Porto Velho to Guajara-Mirim passes 18 waterfalls. Not far from Guara-Mirim there is a second national park, Serra da Cutia (almost 3,000 square kilometers). At Costa Marques, in the middle of the jungle, you come across a fortress built by slave labor, the Fort Principe da Beira (1776).


With an area of almost 225,000 square kilometers and around 350,000 inhabitants, Roreima is a very small federal state. It is in the north and borders Venezuela and Guyana. It is a particularly recommended travel destination for a vacation in Brazil for friends of water sports (kayak, rafting, sport fishing) and the Indian culture. Roreima has the largest percentage of the Indian population of Brazil. Since 1990, about 30,000 Indians have been available as a reserve over 40% of its national territory. Their most famous tribe are the Yanomami. The Pedra Pintada ("Painted Stone") with a height of approx. 40 m and a diameter of 60 m shows paintings on the outer walls and cave drawings from prehistoric times. It is 140 km north of the capital Boa Vista (155,000 inhabitants), whose surroundings also have wonderful freshwater beaches to offer, such as the Ilha de Praia Grande or the Praia da Agua Boa. The BR 174 takes you to the rapids of the Rio Branco, the Corredeiras do bem Querer. Drawings and inscriptions on its rocky shores also testify to the existence of the indigenous people. The same federal road also takes vacationers in Brazil to the Purumane waterfall, which is not very high at a good 30 m, but is very wide and impressive. It is found not far from the point where the Rio Uraricoera and the Rio Tacutú flow together to form the Rio Branco.


The northern state of Tocantins has 1.3 million inhabitants, an area of almost 280,000 square kilometers and was created in 1988 by separating it from Goiás. It owes its name to its longest river, the Rio Tocantins (approx. 2,500 km). The cornerstone for the capital of Palma (180,000 inhabitants) was laid in May 1989, half a year later the government moved. The city is growing at a rate of about 30% per year. It can boast of having the most trees in the urban area. Every year 1.5 million seedlings are replanted in public facilities. The largest river island in the world, the Ilha do Bananal, is a good 250 km away. It is surrounded by the Rio Araguaia. In terms of landscape, it offers bush steppes, forests, palm trees and extensive meadows. The Araguaia National Park represents a transition area between rainforest and steppe, and the biodiversity of its flora and fauna is correspondingly large. Its tourist infrastructure is modest. The seclusion of its location allows particularly good animal observations.

The Northeast Region Information for your Brazil vacation


In the northeastern state of Alagoas, 2.8 million people live on an area of 29,000 square kilometers. Of a total of 230 km of palm beaches, 65 km belong to the capital Maceio (800,000 inhabitants). The most popular beaches for a vacation in Brazil are Pajucara, Jatiúca and Ponta Verde. The latter is also very busy at night. There are 22 lagoons spread around the city. The best known are Mundaú, Manguaba and Roteiro. 50 km from the current capital is the former Marechal Deodoro, which has beautiful colonial buildings and an impressive collection of sacred art in the Franciscan monastery. Penedo (150 km from Maceio) has been declared a National Historic Site for a particularly rich colonial heritage. Among the churches, Sao Goncalo García should be mentioned as an example, in which the Way of the Cross is shown by life-size pictures. In the far west of the state is the relatively small Paulo Alfonso National Park. For all of Alagoas, many folk festivals are celebrated throughout the year, which are often popular destinations for a vacation in Brazil.

Brasilien Urlaub Alagoas


The federal state of Bahia with a good 14 million inhabitants and an area of 570,000 square kilometers is located in the southernmost part of the Northeast region and has over 1,000 kilometers of beaches. Otherwise, mountains characterize the landscape. What makes the city so interesting for a vacation in Brazil is its uniqueness: In no other Brazilian state is there such a strong African influence, which is reflected in language, religion, food and music. The cause lies in the history of the capital Salvador da Bahia (over 2 million inhabitants). From 1549 to 1763 it was the seat of government for the colonial power, and most of the 5 million African slaves arrived in its port. Today it is divided into upper and lower town and connected by an elevator. The lower town forms the modern business center, the upper town represents the historical part and belongs to the world cultural monuments. About 400 km away is the Parque Nacional Chapada Diamantina (1,520 square km) in the mountains of the same name. Table mountains and canyons alternate with caves and waterfalls. With a height of 420 m, the Cachoeira da Fumaca is the highest waterfall in Brazil. In the Chapada Diamantina area there is also the listed town of Mucuge, with its colonial architecture and a Byzantine cemetery dating back to 1855.

Brasilien Urlaub Bahia


Around 6.5 million people live in the north-eastern state of Ceará on an area of 145,000 square kilometers. 560 km are beaches, which present themselves varied with dunes, cliffs, palm trees and freshwater lagoons. An almost untouched beach lies in the old fishing settlement of Jericoacoara, whose streets are not paved. The Duna do Por do Sul dune is a popular place to watch the sunset there. The rock formation Pedra Furada is fascinating. It has the shape of a bridge and in the months of July to September the sun falls exactly through its 4 m opening. The capital Fortaleza (almost 2.5 million inhabitants) offers lively beaches such as Praia de Iracema, do Futuro and the promenade Beira Mar. The Parque Ecológico do Coco and the Passeio Público are particularly beautiful parks. Are you interested in visiting museums on your Brazil vacation? Then there is the Museu Histórico e Antropológico de Ceará. Brazil's smallest national park is located about 350 km from Fortaleza in Ubajara. It contains several stalactite caves. The largest extends over 9 rooms, reaches a depth of over 1100 m and offers correspondingly impressive stalagmites and stalactites. You can go to the cave by cable car or take a 2-hour walk through exotic flora and fauna.


The northernmost of the nine states in the northeast is Maranhao with a good 330,000 square kilometers and around 6 million inhabitants. Its capital Sao Luis (almost 800,000 inhabitants) has more than 3,500 colonial-style buildings and is a World Heritage Site. In the second half of June, Saturdays are dominated by the Bumba-meu-boi festivals, whose theme is the killing and resurrection of an ox. Across from Sao Luis is the small town of Alcantara. Many of its buildings are listed monuments, but at the same time the Brazilian spaceport has found its place here. In addition to the planning and implementation of rocket launches, the launch of satellite rockets is also on the agenda. Are you looking for swimming opportunities during your Brazil vacation? In the immediate vicinity of the capital, sandy beaches stretch over more than 30 km. These include very busy ones (Praia da Ponte de Areia) as well as almost deserted ones (Praia do Aracaji). In addition to dune-rich coasts, the landscape of Maranhao also has mangrove forests and semi-desert sections. A visit to the Lencois Maranhenses National Park is particularly recommended in the rainy season between January and June, because an immense number of lagoons form there during this time. If you want to vacation in Brazil, Maranhao is definitely worth a visit!


The north-eastern state of Paraíba has 3.5 million inhabitants on an area of 55,000 square kilometers. Its capital, Joao Pessoa (600,000 inhabitants), was founded in 1585 and is the third oldest city in Brazil. In particular, the religiously motivated buildings from the colonial period are extremely worth seeing: the monastery and church of "São Antonio", the "Mosteiro de São Bento", the "Igreja da Guia" and the "Capela da Ordem Terceira do Carmo". 55 square meters of green space per inhabitant is hardly surpassed anywhere in the world. The urban rainforest areas of Mata do Buraquinho and Parque Arruda Cámara play a large part in this. The latter also houses a zoo. Capo Branco, which is known for its beautiful beaches, is the easternmost point of South America. Accordingly, you can watch very early sunrises here on your Brazil vacation. In a good 100 km from the capital, the Serra dos Engenhos rises with varied mountains, rocks and waterfalls. The climate here is temperate, with temperatures between 18 and 26°. The charming villages in the area are called Areia, Alagoa Grande, Araruna and Bananeiras, which is a well-known place of pilgrimage. About 400 km from the capital, dinosaur footprints have been found in Sousa and have boosted tourism considerably.


The north-eastern state of Pernambuco has 8.5 million inhabitants and an area of almost 100,000 square kilometers. It owes its immense attractiveness to its multitude of varied palm-fringed beaches. If you are a diver on holiday in Brazil, this state is particularly interesting: the beaches offer first-class diving conditions, sometimes to a depth of 50 m, the average water temperature is 23 °. The former capital Olinda (1537) is a World Heritage Site. In its immediate vicinity, the current capital Recife (1.5 million inhabitants) extends over 3 islands. 40 bridges and 50 canals are part of its cityscape. The old town districts of Sao Antonio and Sao Jose can be found on Ilha Joana Bezerra. The most famous beach in the city is Praia da Boa Viagem. At a distance of about 50 km are the beaches of Gaibu, Calhetas, Porto de Galinhas, Ipojuca, Pernambuco, Itamaracá. The Noronha archipelago is located 350 km from the coast in the middle of the Atlantic. It consists of 21 islands, the largest (17 sq km) is the only inhabited one. It owes its origin to a volcanic eruption a good 10 million years ago. It is declared a World Heritage Site together with the Rocas Atoll. It consists mostly of coral. Sharks, dolphins, sea turtles and seabirds live in the nature reserve, which you can get very close to when photographing, which makes a Brazil vacation particularly interesting for nature photographers.


The north-eastern state of Piauí has an area of 250,000 square kilometers and around 3 million inhabitants. Because it falls in a transitional area, it offers very different landscapes and climate zones. Its coastline is about 65 km long and surrounded by mangrove forests, the climate is tropical. Inland there are very high temperatures, which only allow sparse and resistant vegetation. Here is also Teresina (780,000 inhabitants) as the only capital of the north not near the coast. From September to December, the temperature there easily reaches 42 °. River beaches and 700 square kilometers of green spaces take the need for cooling into account. In the former governor's residence, the Palacio de Karnak, an art collection worth seeing is on display. The associated garden was designed by Brazil's most famous landscape architect, Burle Marx. Piauí's second largest city, Parnaiba (population 130,000) faces the sea, its beaches feature palm trees and dunes. The Serra da Canivara National Park (nearly 10,000 sq km) is home to over 200 species of birds, snakes and armadillos. The Canivara Mountains are under cultural protection because its rocks and the walls of its caves are covered with inscriptions and paintings that are at least some 1,000 years old, maybe even 50,000 years old.

Rio Grande do Norte

The Rio Grande do Norte with an area of over 50,000 square kilometers and almost 3 million inhabitants is located in the extreme north-east of the continent. Its special attractiveness is based on a largely untouched nature. The capital Natal (approx. 700,000 inhabitants) should not be missing as a travel destination in any Brazil holiday: NASA has certified it as having the second cleanest air in the world (after Antarctica). With 300 days of sunshine a year, 10 hours each and an average temperature of 27°, it leaves nothing to be desired in terms of climate. Of its 6 city beaches, Dos Artistas and Do Meio have coral reefs. The picturesque fishing village of Pipa with its cliffs and the forest region of Mata Atlántica is 80 km away. More than half of their tree population is found exclusively there. Dolphins meet every afternoon on the little-visited Do Amor beach. Near the Pirangi River, which flows into the sea near Natal, the world's largest Caju tree can be admired, covering an area of over 7,000 square meters. The Rocas Atoll nature reserve in the Atlantic has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Coral reefs mainly form the Atol das Rocas, which serves as a habitat for dolphins, sharks, rare sea turtles and bird species.


Brazil's smallest state, Sergipe, is in the northeast. It has an area of 22,000 square kilometers, about 1.8 million inhabitants and has adapted well to tourism, which is why it is an integral part of any vacation in Brazil. The hotels are of an above-average standard, the road construction aimed at easy access to the beaches, and the airport in the capital Aracaju (almost 0.5 million inhabitants) offers both national and international connections. Aracaju's waterfront is considered the most beautiful in Brazil and turns into a popular meeting point in the evening. The city owes its name to the lush variety of Caju trees. The Ponte do Imperador bridge was inaugurated in 1960 for the visit of Emperor Dom Pedro II. The ceiling of the Catedral Metropolitana (1862) is decorated with precious paintings. Recommended parks around the city include the Parque dos Cajueiros, da Sementeira and da Cidade. Fine examples of colonial architecture can be found in the former capital, Sao Christóvao (1590), which has been declared a national monument. Typical of the state are the "Jangadas", rafts with triangular sails, which are suitable for the high seas and are used for fishing. Sergipe does not have its own national park.

The Southeast Region Information for your Brazil vacation

Espirito Santo

Located in the southeast, Espirito Santo is one of the smallest states with an area of around 45,000 square kilometers and a good 3 million inhabitants. Almost half of its area is a varied coastal landscape with extensive beaches, bays, islands and mud flats. The interior of the country is mountainous, and the third highest mountain in Brazil, the Pico da Bandeira (almost 3,000 m), is also at home here. The capital Vitoria (300,000 inhabitants) dates back to 1551 and is one of the 10 oldest city foundations in the country. It is divided into upper and lower town, the most popular connection is a staircase steeped in history, the Escadaria Maria Ortiz. Its namesake poured a pot of boiling water over the commander's head in defense against Holland in 1624. In the upper town there are numerous colonial buildings to admire, including the 16th-century Palacio Ancheta (now the seat of the state government) and the oldest monastery in Brazil, the Convento de Sao Francisco, dating from 1591. Around 50 km from Vitoria is Guarapari, whose black radioactive beaches are said to have healing properties. A visibility of up to 15 m makes the place a popular destination for divers on holidays in Brazil. The area also offers beautiful bathing spots.

Minas Gerais

Southeastern Minas Gerais is the fifth largest federal state with an area of over 600,000 square kilometers and around 20 million inhabitants. Those interested in history on vacation in Brazil should definitely visit it, because here you will find about 70% of all historic buildings in Brazil. The gold rush period (end of the 17th - end of the 18th century) still leaves its mark in the reddish coloring of the rivers. The capital Belo Horizonte is only discussed under the menu item "Cities". There is no larger collection of Baroque buildings in the world than in Ouro Preto, which has been declared a World Heritage Site. The neighboring village of Santa Rita do Ouro Preto is devoted to handicrafts and is an excellent source of shopping. 25 km from the capital is Sabara, where the state's first gold discovery was made. There, too, the legacy of the Baroque period is great. The Sanctuary in Congonhas, Bom Jesus do Matosinhos, is a World Heritage Site. It shows the 12 prophets in soapstone and the Way of the Cross in wood. The waterfall park in Congonhas is also worth seeing. The Serra do Cipó National Park (338 sq km) was established to protect thousands of years old rock paintings. Another worthwhile destination for your Brazil vacation is the historic center of Diamantina, which is also a World Heritage Site.

Rio de Janeiro

The state of Rio de Janeiro is located in the south-east with an area of almost 45,000 square kilometers and around 15 million inhabitants. The capital of the same name is only discussed under the menu item "Cities". Its satellite town of Niterói is a must-visit as part of your Brazil vacation for its Oscar Niemeyer-designed Museum of Contemporary Art. Less than an hour's bus ride from Rio is Petrópolis, founded by Germans in 1853. It can be explored in a horse-drawn carriage ride. The Imperial Palace houses the City Museum. The neoclassical noble palaces (Palacio Rio Negro and Da Princesa Isabel) are also very impressive. Part of the Serro dos Orgaos National Park (total area 110 sq km) belongs to Petrópolis. Parati, a listed monument, is about 250 km from Rio. More than half of its territory belongs to the Serra da Bocaina National Park. In addition to particularly beautiful testimonies to the colonial era, it offers dozens of beaches and islands. The semi-wild beach Praia Saco do Mamanguá is recommended as a rarely beautiful location. Anyone on vacation in Brazil shouldn't miss the chance to go swimming; the famous seaside resort of Angra dos Reis is found in the south of the state. It has excellent diving conditions and takes you by ferry to Ilha Grande (190 sq km). A national park occupies a small part of this well-known island.

Brasilien Urlaub Rio De Janeiro

Sao Paulo

The state of Sao Paulo, located in the southeast, has an area of almost 250,000 square kilometers and almost 40 million inhabitants. It contributes to the 40% of Brazil's industrial production, tourism is not an important economic factor. The capital of the same name, with almost 12 million inhabitants and a good 1,500 square km, presents itself much more as an international metropolis than as a typical Brazilian city. Theater occupies a prominent place in cultural life. The most famous venue is the Teatro Municipal, early 20th century. built in neo-baroque style. The Morumbi district is home to the world's largest private football stadium of the same name, with a maximum capacity of 80,000 spectators. According to Aparecidas, near the border with Rio de Janeiro, on October 12, the day of the patron saint, about 200,000 people make a pilgrimage to the Basilica Velha de Nossa Senhora from 1888. The attraction of Brotas (about 250 km from Sao Paulo ) is the Rio Jacaré-Pepira with its numerous waterfalls, rapids and water sports. Beautiful beaches can be found on the north coast of the state. Ilhabela is the largest island in Brazil, 80% of its area belong to a national park. Furthermore, Maresias, Ubatuba, Sao Sebastiao and Porto Novo attract a visit during a vacation in Brazil.

Brasilien Urlaub Sao Paulo

The South Region Information for your Brazil vacation


The state of Paraná in the south has over 10 million inhabitants and an area of almost 200,000 square kilometers. Its capital, Curibita (1.5 million inhabitants), has given itself the nickname “capital of ecology”. Its public transport system is considered exemplary and there are around 50 square meters of green space for every inhabitant. The large Passeio Público is a nature reserve, offers three lakes, each with an island, a floating stage and other attractions. From Cubirita, we recommend a three-hour train ride to the old port city of Paranagua, as the route leads through the Serra do Mar mountains. The park of Vilha Velha, which is under monument protection, is a sculpture park of a special kind, because of its bizarre deformations of the red sandstone created over millions of years by wind and weather. The falls of Iguacu stretch over 3 km, of which 2 km are on the Argentine side, the river forms the border. Almost 250 falls fall from about 100 m height. Are you already planning your vacation in Brazil? We recommend the months of October and November when there is little rainfall. On the Argentinian side you can see the waterfalls from below and from the side, on the Brazilian side you can see them from above. There they are in the national park of the same name, which is part of the World Natural Heritage.

Santa Catarina

Located in the south, Santa Catarina is one of the smaller states with an area of almost 100,000 square kilometers and around 5 million inhabitants. The European influence is very noticeable here: 95 % of the residents are white, of whom over a third are of German descent. In Blumenau, founded in 1850 (300,000 inhabitants), the Oktoberfest has been celebrated since the 1980s and ranks right behind the carnival in terms of nationwide popularity. The capital Florianópolis (400,000 inhabitants), founded in 1504, is located almost exclusively on the largest island of the state, almost half of its area (total approx. 450 square kilometers) is under nature protection. The island has 40 beaches. Of these, one finds lively ones in the northern part and lonely ones in the southern part. The numerous sights of the city are discussed under the menu item "Cities". Joinville is now even larger than the capital with 430,000 inhabitants. An international dance festival has been held here every year in the second half of July since 1983. A branch of the Russian Bolshoi Ballet School can be visited on Fridays all year round. Joinville is also home to the state's largest yacht club. A special feature is the "Principe de Joinville III". It offers 350 passengers the opportunity to observe a very diverse marine life during their vacation in Brazil.

Sights for your Brazil vacation

There are many attractions to visit during a Brazil vacation view. Within this framework, there is a restriction to the ten sites declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. These include, to the northeast, the historic centers of Salvador da Bahia in Bahia State, Sao Luis do Maranhao in Maranhao, and Olinda in Pernambuco. All three bear witness to Baroque architecture. Located in the Bay of Sao Marcos, Sao Luis has the tiles characteristic of Portugal on its facades. Also in the north-east, in the state of Piauí, there are thousands of years old rock carvings, which the Serra da Capivara National Park was created to protect. In the Midwest there are great contrasts: the historic center of Goiás in the state of the same name shows the beauty of the baroque, the capital Brasilia in the Distrito Federal Brasil, on the other hand, has a futuristic building from the 20th century. In the southeast, all three sites are in the state of Minas Gerais. These are the historic center of Ouro Preto or Diamantina and the Rococo-style pilgrimage church "Bom Jesus de Matozinhos" in Congonhas. In the south, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, the ruins of a Jesuit mission built for the Guarani Indians have become a World Heritage Site. History lives on in the name of the city: Sao Miguel das Missoes.

Brasilien Urlaub Christ

National parks information for your Brazil vacation

National parks are among the most popular travel destinations when vacationing in Brazil. Within this framework, there is a restriction to the seven national parks (NP) that have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The diversity of species in the 24,000 square km large NP Jau in the state (BS) Amazonas is incomparable, there even manatees live there. The park is located upstream on the Rio Negro and can only be reached by boat. In the BS Bahia and Espiritu Santo there is the rainforest area "Costa do Descobrimento". It consists of 8 zones covering a total area of 1,120 sq km of rainforest. Here, too, the diversity of species is particularly large. The Fernando de Noronha Marine Park with a size of 110 square kilometers is located in the BS Rio Grande do Norte and forms a natural monument with the Atol dos Rocas, in which dolphins, sharks, turtles and rare seabirds live. The conditions of the NP Chapada dos Veadeiros (600 sq km) and Emas (1,320 sq km) located in the BS Goiás enable many endangered animal species to survive. The NP Pantanal Matogrossense (1,350 sq km) is embedded in the largest inland wetland in the world, the Pantanal in the BS Mato Grosso. The world-famous Iguacu waterfalls are located in the NP of the same name (1,850 sq km) in the BS Paraná. The Southeast Atlantic Forests extend across the BS Paraná and Sao Paulo. Its 25 protected areas cover 4,700 sq km.

Brasilien Urlaub Tucan

The most important cities for your Brazil vacation

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city in Brazil, is the capital of the southeastern state of the same name and is one of the most popular destinations for a vacation in Brazil. Its metropolitan region covers an area of over 6,650 square kilometers and has 10 million inhabitants. A good panoramic view is offered by a visit to one of its landmarks, the more than 700 m high Corcovado Mountain, on which stands an almost 40 m high statue of Christ and which is located in the unique urban national park of Tijuca (32 square km). Another landmark is the almost 400 m high Sugar Loaf. Those who want to swim during their vacation in Brazil should not miss the beaches. World famous are the 4 km long beach of Copacabana and that of Ipanema, where artists often build impressive sand sculptures. Exhibitions and concerts take place in the governor's palace from 1743, the Pao Imperial. The very special sights are: the Teatro Municipal from the beginning of the 20th century, the Biblioteca Nacional (1910), the Museu Histrico Nacional from the 16th century, the Museu Nacional do Brasil, the Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, the churches Igreja e Convento de Santo Antonio, Sao Francisco da Penitencia, Mosteiro da Sao Bento (16th century). Even non-football fans should not miss the atmosphere in the Macaran Stadium, built for the 1950 World Cup. The Botanical Garden (1.5 square km) exhibits 7,000 tropical plants and is ranked among the 10 most important in the world.

Brasilien Urlaub Rio De Janeiro Beach Copacabana

Sao Paulo

Sao Paulo, the capital of the southeastern state of the same name, is the largest city in Brazil and the third largest in the world. Almost 20 million inhabitants live in its metropolitan region on an area of 8,000 square kilometers. It is a city of business life. After New York, it is the city with the largest number of helicopters, no office building is built without a landing pad. The city's second tallest skyscraper, the Edificio Italia (almost 170 m) offers a viewing platform, as does the Edificio do Banespa, which also contains a bank museum. The most important art collection in South America can be seen in the Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo. The city museum, Museu da Cidade, is housed in the only surviving 18C building, the Solar da Marquesa de Santos. Acoustics that leave nothing to be desired can be found in the Salon Sao Paulo, an antique train station that has been converted into a theatre. The market halls from 1933 in the Mercado Municipal are worth seeing. The same applies to the Catedral Metropolitana, construction of which began in 1913 but was not inaugurated until 1954. A very beautiful, 1.6 square km large green area is the Parque do Ibirapuera, which is reserved for native plants. Your palate will also be spoiled on your Brazil holiday in Sao Paulo: like New York and Tokyo, the city bears the title of International Capital of Gastronomy.

Brasilien Urlaub Sao Paulo

Salvador da Bahia

Salvador da Baha, the capital of the north-eastern state of Baha, is the third largest city in Brazil with around 2.5 million inhabitants and a good 700 square kilometers. It was built on a cliff at the tip of a peninsula in 1549, is surrounded by the Atlantic and All Saints' Bay and has more than 50 km of beaches. It is divided into upper and lower town. A connection is made by the Elevador de Lacerda elevator, a cable car and buses. The upper town, the Cidade alta, represents the historic part that is part of the World Heritage. The central slave market Pelourinho, where selling and flogging took place, is of particular importance. After the abolition of slavery in 1888, the market was used as a motif for pictures and pieces of music and as a setting for films and books. Worth seeing during a vacation in Brazil are the churches Convento Sao Francisco (1686) and Nosso Senhor do Bonfim from the middle of the 18th century. Two-thirds of the population are black. Since the slaves were forbidden from martial arts and self-defence, they camouflaged their elements in a dance called Capoeira. Today Salvador da Baha is the center of this fight dance. And is considered nationwide as the most popular street carnival site in the sense of a non-commercialized carnival that you shouldn't miss on a vacation in Brazil.

Brasilien Urlaub Salvador da Bahía

Sao Luis

Sao Luis, the capital of the northeastern state of Maranhao, was founded in 1612 as a French fort on the eastern part of Ilha de Sao Luis in Sao Marcos Bay. After brief episodes of French and Dutch rule, the city fell into the hands of the Portuguese. It has more than 3,500 colonial buildings and is a World Heritage Site. Sao Luis has almost a million inhabitants and an area of over 800 square kilometers. Its average temperature is between 26 and 28 degrees all year round. 11 km of coastal road invite you to take a walk. Praia do Calhau offers a beach with a calm sea. The high waves of Praia do Marcela are very popular with surfers who spend their holidays in Brazil there. The Museu de Artes Visuais exhibits works by artists from Maranhao and tile paintings from the 19th and 20th centuries. Evidence of popular culture can be seen in the Museu de Arte Popular. In the "Casa das Tulhas" products of folk art can be purchased. Notable examples of colonial architecture include the Palacio dos Leoes in Dom Pedro II Square, the 17th-century Catedral da Se, which received a neoclassical façade in the 20th century, and the Merces Convent from 1654 It is located in the Desterro district, next to the Merces Cave, where slaves were once sold.


Of course, going on vacation in Brazil also means visiting the capital. Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, is located in the Midwest in the Distrito Federal Brasilia. Inaugurated in 1960, it is the only 20th-century city that is already a World Heritage Site. Its 200,000 inhabitants live on an area of almost 500 square kilometers, the public buildings were designed by Oscar Niemeyer. If you visit the city during your vacation in Brazil, you should preferably begin your visit in the almost 220 m high television tower. The elevator ride is free. In front of the tower, the Feira da Torre de TV market invites you to buy handicrafts and enjoy regional specialties. A tour of the government district with a visit to Congress, the President's workplace and residence, the State Department, the Supreme Court, the seat of administration and 18 other ministries is obligatory. The consulate buildings reflect the architectural preferences of the respective country. The Catedral Metropolitana, the Teatro Nacional and the Juscelino Kubitschek monument are also definitely worth seeing. The Igreja Dom Bosco church is a worthwhile destination because of its interior design. The artificial lake Lago Paranoá suggests visiting the city from the water during a vacation in Brazil.

Brasilien Urlaub Brasilia


Florianópolis, the capital of the southern state of Santa Catarina, has 400,000 inhabitants. Its approximately 450 square km area is almost entirely on the island of Santa Catarina, a tiny part is connected to the mainland by bridges. The suspension bridge Ponte Hercílio Luz often serves as a postcard motif. A nice walk that offers information about flora and fauna is the Beira Mar Norte. There are 11 forts to visit in the city during a Brazil vacation, the most important of which is Santa Cruz from 1744. The Catedral Metropolitana from 1773 houses a life-size wooden sculpture. The former government palace Palácio Cruz e Sousa was built in the 18th century, is a listed building and contains a history museum. The largest archaeological collection in Brazil is in the Museu de Sambaqui. A visit to the Mercado Público, open every day except Sunday, is a great way to enjoy traditional eateries. If you are vacationing in Brazil, you must taste the oysters farmed in the area; they can be bought very cheaply anywhere. A visit to the Maria Inez Tournier adventure park, located in an old quarry, is a must for climbing friends on vacation in Brazil. Of the more than 40 beaches, just a few examples are Praia dos Ingleses, a quiet beach, and Praia da Joaquina, an ideal surfer's beach.


Manaus, the capital of the state of Amazonas, was founded in the second half of the 16th century, has 1.5 million inhabitants and an area of over 11,000 square kilometers. It lies in the middle of a jungle that has the greatest biodiversity on earth, and is therefore the starting point for excursions and expeditions during a vacation in Brazil. Its "Teatro Amazonas" is world-famous, which was inaugurated on New Year's Eve 1896 after 15 years of construction. Architects and artists from many European countries contributed to it. International orchestras and theater ensembles give guest performances there. The two most popular beaches, Praias de Lua and do Tupé, can only be reached by water. Not to be missed is a visit to the Ponte Negra beach, a social meeting place that often includes folklore performances. Of particular beauty is the point where the Rio Solimoes and Negro meet, the "Encontro das Aguas". The market halls of Paris served as a model for the Mercado Municipal, where souvenirs can also be purchased. In a nature reserve is the 100 sq km Park Reserva Ducke. Endangered monkeys live in the smaller Parque do Mindu. The natural history museum Museo de Ciencias Naturais da Amazonia is particularly recommended among the museums.

Brasilien Urlaub Manaus Amazonas


Belem is the capital of the northern state of Pará and the most important city in the Amazon after Manaus. 1.5 million inhabitants live on an area of a good 1,000 square kilometers. The city was founded in 1616 and originally belonged to the territory of the Tupinambá Indians. It is nicknamed the "City of Mango Trees". Its warm, humid climate means that it rains every afternoon, usually around 3:00 p.m. Its biggest draw—and a popular postcard motif across the state—is the 17th-century Ver-o-Peso, or "See the Weight," market. The name commemorates its former function as a customs checkpoint. With over 2,000 stalls, the market is located in the Bairro do Comercio. Fish, vegetables, herbs, which are sometimes attributed magical powers, and all kinds of everyday items can be purchased here during a vacation in Brazil. The early visitor to the daily market can watch the boats being unloaded. Buildings worth seeing are the Teatro da Paz (1878), the former governor's palace Residencia dos Governadores and the Palacio Antonio Lemos, which houses the Museu de Arte art museum. Plants and animals from the Amazon, including the electric eel, can be seen in great numbers in the parks of the Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi.


Curitiba, the capital of the southern state of Paraná, has 1.5 million inhabitants on an area of around 450 square kilometers. It is the city with the most trees in Brazil and has more than two dozen parks and forests. Anyone who visits Curitiba during a trip to Brazil enjoys a panoramic view of the almost 110 m high Torre Panorámica. The starting point for a tour should be the Rua das Flores in the center, which owes its name to the flowers surrounding it. In the historical center the churches Igreja de Ordem Terceira de Sao Francisco das Chagas (1737) and the Catedral Basilica Menor de Curitiba impress as well as the mosque Mesquita Muculmana built in 1977. Highly recommended museums are the Museu de História Natural and the Palacio Sao Francisco from the 1920s, which exhibits the works of well-known Brazilian artists. The botanical garden is particularly attractive for vacationers in Brazil thanks to its futuristic-looking glass greenhouse. There is also a German forest, the Bosque Alemao, to visit. Here in a wooden church you can see a concert hall "Oratorio Bach", an open-air stage, the back wall of which depicts a scene from "Faust" and tiled walls painted with motifs from "Hansel and Gretel". Next to a waterfall, a bridge leads to a 50 m high observation tower.

Belize horizons

Belo Horizonte, the capital of the southeastern state of Minas Gerais, is the fourth largest city in Brazil with almost 2.5 million inhabitants and an area of 330 square kilometers. In 1897 it replaced Ouro Preto (World Heritage Site), about 100 km away, as the capital. The changing of the guard takes place every evening in front of the government palace, which dates back to the turn of the century. At the train station square, the Praca da Estacao, the oldest building in the quarter, founded around 1920, houses a cultural center of the university. The neo-classical station itself houses a museum of model railways. The Pampucha district features a number of buildings designed by Oscar Niemeyer. The Sao Francisco de Assis Chapel, the Art Museum, the Yacht Club and the Casa do Baile, dedicated to dance, are worth mentioning here. The second largest football stadium in Brazil, the Mineirao, is also located in this district. Fancy some culture on your Brazil vacation? Particularly worth seeing museums in the center are the natural history Museu de Historia Natural, the Museu Histórico Abilio Barreto housed in a historic building from the time of the first settlement in the 18th century and the Museu Mineiro, which exhibits sacred and modern art, naive painting and photography . In the large Mangabeiras Park one can meet monkeys and other animals.


Goiania, the capital of the central western state of Goias, has 1.1 million inhabitants and an area of almost 800 square kilometers. A third of this area is reserved for green areas. In the Bosque dos Buritis there is a fountain 50 m high in addition to artificial lakes and waterfalls. A container that can hold 40 tons of soil and already contains soil samples from around 50 countries was created as a symbol of world peace. In the Parque Cobra Veiga there is a research center for snakes. The Parque Ecologico houses an archaeological site with 1500-year-old traces of the indigenous people. This park also offers a campsite. On a Sunday you should definitely visit two art markets: At the Feira Hippie, internationally renowned painters and local artisans sell their products. At the Feira do Sol you can watch the artists at work. The anthropological museum has nearly 4,500 exhibits on the history of over 20 Native American tribes. In the Ornithological Museum, over 100,000 animal species have been expertly conserved, with the bird species deserving a very special mention. The cultural center designed by Oscar Niemeyer is also worth seeing. Since 2006 the Oktoberfest has also been celebrated in Goiania.

Brasilien Urlaub Goiania


Natal, the capital of the northeastern state of Rio Grande do Norte, has 800,000 inhabitants, 170 square kilometers and was founded in 1599. The year before, the Portuguese had started building a fortress to protect against the French. Shaped like an irregular five-pointed star, Forte dos Reis Magos is one of the city's top attractions and is located on the promontory at Praia do Forte beach. The 14 km long coast road Via Costeira offers 4 more beaches: dos Artistas, do Meio, da Barreira d'Agua and de Ponte Negra. This is the most famous beach, it is surrounded by 120 m high dunes, the "Morro do Careca" ("Glatzberg"). 300 days of sunshine a year, unusually clean air and an average water temperature of 26° offer the ideal framework for untroubled beach fun on a vacation in Brazil. The Estadual das Dunas park, created in 1977, is also worth a visit. Particularly beautiful buildings are the Cathedral of Nossa Senhora da Apresentacao (1694), the Franciscan Monastery of Santo Antonio (1766) and the neoclassical Alberto Maranhao Theater (1904). The "Camara Cascudo", which exhibits fossils, skeletons and objects of Indian culture, is considered to be a scientifically and anthropologically interesting museum.

Nature and wildlife information for your Brazil vacation

About half of the area of Brazil is covered by the tropical rainforest, which is located in the north of the country. It brings with it the greatest possible diversity of flora and fauna. For example, monkeys, parrots, snakes, turtles, anteaters, jaguars, pumas, porcupines, caimans, dolphins, sharks and the rare manatees can be observed. There is a National Park (NP) in almost every state, seven of which are World Heritage Sites. Because of the world-famous waterfalls, the most famous is Iguacu in the border triangle of Brazil, Argentina and Paraquay. Before visiting a NP, it is advisable to inquire whether there are any requirements, such as obtaining a permit from the Environmental Protection Agency (IBAMA) or being accompanied by a qualified guide. But even far away from NPs you can easily meet monkeys and rare bird species in green areas on vacation in Brazil. More than 2,500 tree species are common, often reaching a height of over 50 m. Orchids and bromeliads deserve a special mention. The landscape of Brazil is very varied. In addition to high mountains, gorges, savannas, islands, lagoons and coral reefs, it offers around 7,500 km of beaches.

Natur und Tierwelt Foz do Iguacu

free time activities for your Brazil vacation

Who Vacation who wants to get away from civilization, who is only looking for peace and quiet and to encounter nature in the jungle that is still largely untouched, we recommend spending your Brazil vacation in the sparsely populated north. If you are looking for lots of impulses and a colorful hustle and bustle, you will get your money's worth in the metropolitan areas of the south-east and south without having to completely forgo the jungle. Rio de Janeiro is a unique mix in this respect. The botanical gardens are worth a visit everywhere. Evidence of colonial architecture can be seen in many places. The same is true of natural science and anthropological museums. Thousands of kilometers of the finest sandy beaches usually go hand in hand with first-class water sports. Almost 30 mountains between 2000 and 3000 m high invite you to climb, with the two highest being in the state of Amazonas. The Brazilian joie de vivre is expressed in numerous festivals throughout the year. In addition to the carnival, which is also celebrated out of season in the big cities in the form of micaretas, the villages traditionally celebrate their Catholic or African saints, rodeos are held in areas with a lot of cattle breeding and the Oktoberfest is celebrated in many places in the south.

Brasilien Urlaub Copacabana, Brasilien

Eating and drinking information for your Brazil vacation

One cannot speak of THE Brazilian cuisine, for historical reasons the influences from Indian, Portuguese and African cultures vary greatly. However, there is a Brazilian national dish, the feijoada, a stew made from pork, bacon and beans. In second place is the moqueca fish stew. It is prepared with coconut milk, palm or olive oil and tomatoes. Bacalhau (stockfish) is also popular across the country. Closer to the coast, fish and seafood are high on the menu. Well known abroad is the churrasco, meat grilled on skewers. The opulent variant - particularly widespread in the south as a cattle breeding area - is called Rodizio. Here the waiters go from table to table to constantly offer pieces of up to 40 types of meat. A rich salad and vegetable buffet is included in the extremely reasonable fixed price. The exotic fruits, which also form the basis for the juices offered everywhere, are recommended as a delicious dessert nationwide. In Batida, the fruit juice is whipped with rum and ice. Brazilians appreciate this drink much more than the caipirinha. Coconut water, Agua de Coco, and sugar cane juice, Caldo de Cana, should definitely be tried when on holiday in Brazil.

Essen und Trinken Caipirinha

Climate and best travel time for your Brazil vacation

European travelers have to keep in mind that the Brazilian summer falls in our winter months, i.e. December to February, while the winter falls in June to August. However, only the south has a moderate climate with a noticeable change in the seasons. There you can expect an average of 30° in summer and 10° in winter. Snow is also not an unknown phenomenon in mountainous areas. In the north there is a tropical climate with intense sunshine all year round and frequent rain. From July to September there is about 5 cm of precipitation per month, in the rainy season between December and April this value increases to 20 - 25 cm. The average temperature is 27°. In the north-east, the average temperature is only one degree less, but the rains do not reach the same intensity and frequency, rainy season is March to August. The center of the country is characterized by a subtropical climate. The West has dry winters and hot, humid summers, and the rainy season is from December to March. In the southeast, summers are hot, winters are cold, rain falls frequently, rainy season is June to August. In Rio de Janeiro, temperatures vary between 18 and over 40°. The rainy season can mean that many roads become impassable across the country.

Foz do Iguacu Tänzer

Arrival information for your Brazil vacation

Numerous cities in Brazil can be reached from Germany by direct flight. Allow 60 minutes for a transfer from Sao Paulo International Airport to Sao Paulo Domestic Airport. If you have booked a flight with one of the Brazilian companies TAM or GOL, this transfer is included in the flight price. Brazil is also supported by low-cost airlines flown in. The actual flight time from Frankfurt am Main to Rio de Janeiro is 8.5 hours, to Sao Paulo an average of 8 hours. In order to travel within the country, there are also cheap, reliable and comfortable intercity buses that can only be used at the bus stations ( Rodovarias) hold. When planning a flight, the time difference must be taken into account. During the Brazilian daylight saving time (not identical to the German one), which applies to all southern, south-eastern, mid-western states, the federal district, north-eastern Bahia and northern Tocantins, four time zones can be distinguished, which have a difference of between 3 and 7 hours to the require CET. The difference gets bigger the further west you go.

Anreise Flug

entry requirements for your Brazil vacation

Travelers from Germany, Austria and Switzerland do not need a visa if their stay is for tourist purposes and does not exceed 90 days. A one-time extension of an additional 90 days can be applied for at the Policía Federal in the state capitals. A passport is required for entry, which must be valid for 6 months. An entry card – “Cartao de Entrada/Saída” will be issued on the plane, which must be kept carefully, as its copy must be shown when leaving the country. Since December 31, 2007, children in Germany and Switzerland can no longer be entered in their parents' passports, but need a child's ID card with a photo or a passport. In Austria it is still possible to have children up to the age of 12 entered in their parents' passport. It is advisable to consult a family doctor about any vaccinations that may be required. Good protection against malaria through appropriate clothing and sleeping under a mosquito net is always recommended. Current there is a yellow fever warning for some areas and the urgent recommendation to get vaccinated at least ten days before the start of the trip. Rio, Sao Paulo, Recife, Bahia and Iguacu are not affected.


Brazil Travel Guides & Travel Tips – Embassies and consulates information for your Brazil vacation

Embassy of Brazil (Germany)

Wallstrasse 57
D – 10179 Berlin-Mitte
Phone: +49 (0) 30 72 62 8-0

office hours:
Mon – Fri 9:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m

Embassy of Brazil (Austria)
Am Lugeck 1/V/15
A-1010 Vienna

Tel: +43 (1) – 51 20 631 Office hours:
Mon – Fri 10:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m

Embassy of Brazil (Switzerland)
Monbijoustr. 68
CH – 3007 Berne

Tel: +41 (0) 31 37 18 515

Diplomatic missions in Brazil

German Embassy in Brazil
SES – Avenida das Nações, Quadra 807- Lote 25
70415-900 Brasilia - DF

Tel: 0055-61-3442-7000
Tel: 0055-61-3443-7036 (Legal and Consular Affairs)

Austrian Embassy in Brazil

SES – Avenida das Nações, Quadra 811 – Lote 40,
70426 – 900 Brasilia – DF

Tel: 0055-61-344 334 21

Embassy of Switzerland in Brazil

SES – Avenida Das Nações – Lote 41
70448 – 900 Brasilia DF

Tel: 0055-61-443-5500

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